Indica vs. Sativa: Is There A Difference?

Sativas are typically known for producing a creative “head high,” which some find helpful for being productive during the day. Indicas, on the other hand, is associated with a “body high” that anecdotally can promote relaxation, sleep, and pain relief. 

You may have heard of it referred to as “couch-lock.” Hybrids are the third category and are popular in the cannabis market; hybrids are bred from both Sativa dominant and indica dominant and can have effects associated with either.

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Keep in mind that strain names and cannabinoid compositions provided by different retailers may vary, and may not necessarily reflect the true diversity or utility of their cannabis. In the future with more research, science will hopefully be better able to parcel out the exact differences and officiate strain names, effects, compositions, and potential uses that state-regulated medicinal marijuana programs and patients rely on.


  • Appearance: Indica plants are short and bushy with short, wide leaves.

  • Desired Effects: Indicas are informally known for sedative effects that relax the body. To easily remember that indicas are sedative, “in the couch” sounds like “indica.” For this reason, many marijuana users choose to medicate with indica in the evening before bed to help unwind or manage insomnia.

  • Strains: GMO Cookies, Bubba Kush, and Purple Punch are all indica strains you may have come across before.


  • Appearance: The leaves of Sativa plants are known for being tall and narrow.

  • Desired Effects: Sativas are invigorating and uplifting. They go nicely with social gatherings, creative projects, and physical activity. Therefore, they are a popular option for medicating during the day when you’re active.

  • Strains: Jack Herer, Super Lemon Haze, and Sour Diesel are popular Sativa strains with euphoric effects.